Dog Crates

Crates and Training

Dogs have a natural tendency to squeeze their way into tight spaces, be it under chairs, behind lounges or underneath the coffee table. Though this might seem curious to their owners, doggy-dan-crate-trainingit’s actually an intrinsic quality in all dogs. Being den animals by nature, dogs have a tendency to search for den-like spaces, indoors and outdoors, to use as a resting place. To that end, dog crates are a fantastic investment, mimicking dens and providing a safe, secure and homely environment that a dog naturally clings to. Crates can also be used for ‘Crate training’, a fast and effective method to housebreak your puppy. But what do you need to look for when purchasing and using a crate?

Firstly, it is important to choose the perfect size crate for your pup. The crate must be large enough for your dog to stand up, turn and stretch. However, ensure that it’s not too large so that your dog can’t use it as both a bathroom and bedroom. After puppy stage, you can find a crate for your adult dog that has a divider panel, demarcating two rooms your pet can use for different purposes.
After you purchase your crate, it is important to know where to place it. During the day, keep the crate in the living room to make your dog feel included in the family activity. At night, either move the crate to your bedroom, or buy a second crate that is kept in your room, for the dog to sleep. It is vital that your dog can sleep near you because they instinctively enjoy sleeping near their pack.
For crate training purposes, there are certain rules and rituals that must be adhered to. The crate is not a space for eliminating waste, so it’s important to train your dog on where and when to properly defecate. When you release your dog from the crate, you should take him/her outside immediately, and encourage them to defecate there. It’s important to praise them when they succeed, but also have patience if it takes them a little longer to do ‘their business’. Ensure that your dog is supervised at all times while training them to go to the toilet outside rather than in the crate. Keeping a regular schedule with your crate will ensure that your puppy will be properly and quickly house trained.

Your pet may require persistent dog training to accept its own crate as a place to sleep or rest while relieve itself outside the crate. Often, training a dog becomes one of the dog sitter’s job.
Crates are also ideal for absences and curbing destructive behaviour. Dogs can become anxious and destructive when unsupervised and bored, keeping them in crates while you are away can help prevent this. It ensures they are confined in a secure place where they can sleep until you return. In conjunction with this, it is important to make their crate experience a pleasurable one so that your dog is comfortable in your absence. Dogs have a tendency to get separation anxiety when they are isolated, so it is important that the crate provides a sense of security and happiness for your pet. Punishment should never be doled out in crates. That said, also ensure that letting your dog in or out of their crate isn’t a big deal, so that they can ease naturally into the process. Travelling with your dog is also made easier with the use of crates, and the experience will be stress-free for both pet and owner.

Crates are wonderful sanctuaries for your dog and provide ample opportunity to train your dog. It also indirectly helps to cure separation anxiety in dogs when owners are away. Some owner’s even find crate training a useful way to pursue dog house training.

Correct Way to Walk Dogs

Dogs are of course pack animals, meaning they will react and function well as an extended family ‘pack’.  From this simple premise all else will find its rightful place and expression if given the correct guidance and reinforcement.

In walking dogs there are a number of ways to practically teach the canine which are  a natural follow-through from all areas one is exhibiting to them.
First and foremost is simply that you are the pack leader. You are the ‘alpha dog’. You must always lead and always assert that leadership. They understand and expect this.

Hence, your position in walking the dog(s) must always be in front and all dogs must be either at your side or slightly behind you.

Keep the leash short for leash training dog,  a longer leash with ample drooping slack gives you no control– that is key– as the pack leader, you are always asserting your control. You must determine exactly when you are to exit that door and lead the ‘pack’ for their walk. If you allow the dog to bolt and lead you out the door,— you have lost  primary control as pack leader.

Always have the collar and leash set as high as possible on the neck – up close to head and ears. This gives better transference of your commands to your walking doggy dan
When the ‘pack’  has shown to you that they have absorbed the correct frame of mind during the walk, you can relax and reward them with a little free time to sniff around and relieve themselves. But it must be you whom decides when to call that to a halt,  hook up their leashes and resume the walk. This roam-around time should not be longer than the walk itself.

Do not praise your dog for walking calmly as this may excite it right out of the calm state it was in. If you are calm and quiet, they will follow that example in due course. You set the tone.

If you have multiple pets do not let them meander and change positions with each other. Put more hyper dogs and /or larger dogs closer to your side and the smaller ones on the outside – always keeping the minimal leash length possible. The effect should resemble a straight ‘line abreast’ with the biggest innermost, smallest outside and you will notice that the leashes all flow nicely laterally over each body height.

Do not simply quit this control and leadership once the walk is over – your leadership must continue even in more relaxed environments at home if you are thinking of working with dogs conveniently: you determine what, when  and how much, just as any pack lead dog would exert. If you don’t, they will be set to become more unruly as soon as they get home, knowing that is your pattern.


Puppy or Dog Socialization

Socialization in dogs is a very important aspect that allows it to be social, amiable, and ready to be trained. The concept involves the dog to be exposed to its own species as well as those from different species of dogs. It must also interact with people, environment, kids, and other animals too.

Aspects on Socialization

  • Dogs aged 4 weeks to 4 months must be intensely socialized as this time they are prone to imbibe social
  • Socialization is a life-long process and must be encouraged at all times in a controlled manner.
  • Dogs become a better pet when they are exposed to all kinds of people, animals, and situations.
  • Dogs imbibe new wanted traits when they voluntarily mix with surroundings and not forced to do the same.

Socialization at Various Stages in Dog’s Life

Expected socialization at the following ages of a dog:

4 weeks to 16 weeks — The dog is expected to play and learn social skills, understand social ranking among their own species, pick up physical co-ordination skills, and learn inhibited biting.

3 weeks to 5 weeks – The puppy is able to:

  • Understand surroundings, littermates, pet care givers or dog owners who own the puppy.
  • Understand the relation between the people or animals it generally spends time.
  • Distinguish games and fun-time.
  • Play with its littermates and objects

…You can allow the puppy to greet, interact and play with other dogs and mix with people around.

4 weeks to 6 weeks – The dog is able to:

  • Mingle with its litter mates.
  • Learn about itself as a dog.

4 weeks to 12 weeks – The dog is able to:

  • Intensely mix with litter mates and get influenced by them.
  • Deeply mingle with the people they stay with – such as pet-sitters or pet owners.

5 weeks to 7 weeks – The dog is able to:

  • Explore new areas, try out new things, and tread into unknown territories.

…You can inculcate a positive trait and get them trained as social animals.

7 weeks to 9 weeks – The dog is able to:

  • Hone its physical co-ordination and skills.
  • Get house-trained and become a well-bred pet.

8 weeks to 10 weeks – The dog is able to:

  • Distinguish fear, danger, and worry.
  • Get alarmed by potentially dangerous objects or situations.

…You can start off with intense dog training and behavioral therapy as the pet will be able to pick up the traits.

9 weeks to 12 weeks – The dog is able to:

  • Refine its reactions.
  • Develop social skills with fellow dogs.
  • Understand its space, environment, and wants.
  • Focus on people.

… You should instill good traits. Working dogs or service dogs can be trained to perfection at this age.

4 months and later – The dog would be able to:

  • Identify ranking – dominant ones and submissive ones in the pack.
  • Recognize the leader in the group.
  • Interact with other animal species as well.

The dogs start teething. It would signify that the dog would get into a habit of chewing things. Fear again sets in at the age when it is 4 months old. Fear would often inhibit a dog from doing a particular activity. Many people force socialization by compelling a dog to do a particular task against its wishes. This would only harm positive training in the dog.

All in all, socialization helps a dog to be the pet you’d love to have. Under-socialized pets are cranky, prone to bite and scratch, aggressive, and hyperactive. They get stressed in unfamiliar surroundings and cause problem to the owners as well.

Why let this happen? Socialize your dog to own an adorable pet.

Socialization Techniques as per Different Stages in Dog’s Life

Here are some tips on socialization which you can keep as a checklist if you are socializing your pet dog.

At 12 weeks, the puppy should know…

  • Various surfaces such as carpet, cement, wood, grass, dirt, puddle, and uneven stretches.
  • Different playing objects, such as balls, soft toys, hard toys, fuzzy toys, and chewable toys.
  • Various sounds while playing with toys, metallic, clicking, etc.
  • Various locations such as neighborhood parks, people’s garden, kennel, vet’s hospital, grooming salon, beach area, pond side or river side, elevator, stairs, playgrounds, and so on.
  • Different types of noises, such as doorbell, kids playing with one another, babies crying, vehicles moving, hullabaloo at the parties, and noises from machines. However, don’t go overboard with it if your pet is scared or irritated.
  • Dog walking environment, such as experience cyclists going past, or kids running and jumping around. It should experience day-to-day movements that one can come across.
  • The people it is staying with. It should not be jittery incase it is picked. It should not be worried or stressed if the vet or pet caregiver inspects its body.
  • How to eat in different bowls, at different locations, and different food items.

The dog must be:

  • Exposed to different puppies.
  • Left alone for half an hour or so.
  • Leash trained and off-leash trained as well.

…Don’t forget to make socialization experience happy, safe, and stress-free. Shower your pet with treats, loving pats, and praises to encourage it to socialize and learn positive behavioral traits. If your pet is scared or stressed, go slow. A dog which dreads and fears people or an object is likely to bite people.

Find out how Clicker Training Works


Clicker Training

Although looking for a way to train dogs in not easy, a click sound and following it up with a tasty grub can easily trick your dog to behave just the way you want it to behave.

The trainer generally uses a plastic device with a spring inside that makes a “click” sound to attract the dog. Known as clicker, the device is effortlessly pressed by the trainer whenever he or she wants to get the attention of the dog.

How Clicker does its Job?

Wondering how a clicker can help train a dog? Here’s how it works:clicker-training-doggy-dan

  1. A dog relieves itself at a spot in the backyard just as the trainer wanted it to.
  2. The trainer presses the clicker, and a quick “click” sound is generated.
  3. The dog’s attention is drawn to the sound.
  4. The trainer picks up a titbit and offers it to the dog.
  5. Similar action is repeated each time the dog relieves at the same spot for the next few days.
  6. The dog gets into the habit of relieving itself at the same location.

…And, the clicker is used to teach the dog that relieving at the right spot would enable it to get a reward.

Why a Clicker?

Clicker is often chosen by most trainers to train dogs, primarily because dogs are attracted to its sound. Some more reasons may be:

  • It has a distinct, sharp sound.
  • It follows an attractive, tasty reward.
  • It instantly delivers its result i.e. attracts the attention of the dog in a fraction of second. So, the dog can identify the exact action for it being rewarded.
  • It does not require much effort to click unlike voice commands.
  • How to Use Clicker
  • Here are some useful tips to use a clicker as a training tool:
  • Use clicker and reward therapy to encourage a series of good behaviors as expected from a social, amiable, and discipline dog, such as sitting at the right place, house-breaking, toilet training, and so on.
  • Just watch your pet, click and reward regularly and frequently to provide free-shaping therapy.
  • In the initial days, clicker must be followed with a treat if you want it to work as a training tool.
  • To train a puppy or an untamed dog, clicker must be used for all good behaviors you see.
  • Delay the click if you wish your pet to follow a command and stick to it for some time, say for instance, make it sit for longer time at a particular place.

…Watch how the good behaviors increase i.e. number of clicks increase while bad behaviors erode away.

Clicker Use – Its Benefits and Effective Changes in Your Pet

Clicker helps train:

  • Timid dogs who are motivated for the reward.
  • Aggressive dogs that learn to check their bullying behavior for the reward.
  • Rescue dogs which have to be weaned off from bad training.
  • Dogs of all nature and species quickly and effectively as it does not coax or coerce the pet.
  • Pets without losing energy or getting frustrated through repeated voice commands.
  • Hyper active dogs properly, as it times the action and reward accurately.

…And, at a later stage, treats can be hidden as the dog learns that click means a tasty grub. The training time with a clicker is fun and an entertaining game for both you and the pet.

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